HISTORICAL ANALYSIS: Scope and Content: Students are to analyze and research a primary document. Introduction: The first purpose of this section is to introduce your document and its subject (briefly) as well as to clarify the following (external analysis) a. The author: Who is the author? What do we know about the author? What motive (purpose) might the author have had in writing this document? What biases or assumptions might the author have concerning the topic? How familiar or involved is the author with the subject of the document? Is the author a direct observer of the event/issue or the receiver of second-hand knowledge? Is there reason to believe that the author does not describe what he/she believes to be true? b. The time frame: When was this document written? How was it delivered to public? Could it have been changed? c. Place: Where was this document written? Does the geographical location influence the content? Was this document meant to be public or private? d. Category of document: memoirs/poem/novel/speech/law/study/sermon/Church document/song/letter/etc.? How would the type of writing affect the content and believability of the document? Is the document in the original language in which it was produced? Is the translation authoritative? Main body of the document: (internal analysis) a. Content of the document: What does the author argue (main theme; secondary themes; summarize them briefly but thoroughly. You might need to regroup ideas under some themes)? What specific information of importance is provided? What light is shed on the society/events/issues described? Do not only summarize but analyze the document as well: What does the author mean? Does the source tell a consistent story? Are there contradictions? Evident errors [why would this be]? Does the source provide us unwittingly with information (what can be read between the lines)? Are there allusions made by the author that need to be explained? b. Believability of the document: Given the external analysis and the content of the document, how credible is the information? Is it corroborated by other sources? Are important facts ignored? Why would such facts be omitted? Using other credible evidence, can you confirm or contradict the thesis of the document? Is the testimony sincere, exact? What makes you think so? Are there assertions made that are incorrect? Evaluating the evidence: (conclusion) a. Restate the core thesis of the document/author; present your personal evaluation of it. Comment on the influence/impact the document might have had and the reason(s) for it. Distinguish between the short and the long term. If possible, situate this document in a wider context. If it is a document produced by a specific group, or written from a clearly identifiable point of view, discuss to what extent it is typical of that point of view. It is in the conclusion where you demonstrate that you understand the document and what the author is saying. Format: Reviews should be well-organized, typed, double-spaced, and 3-4 pages in length. Please follow standard norms for format: 12 point Times New Roman or 11 point Arial standard 1 inch margins. Include page numbers. Please type your name, class, date, and title on a SEPARATE cover sheet. Include page numbers starting on the first page of text.