Baxter International Inc. (USA) established the following environmental goals in 1997 for 2005:….
Baxter International Inc. (USA) established the following environmental goals in 1997 for 2005: global targets to cut packaging, energy consumption, toxic emissions to the air and the generation of hazardous and non-hazardous wastes. Relevant estimates are provided in Table 6.15.
Reduce air toxic emissions
Reduce generation of hazardous and regulated waste
Reduce generation of non-hazardous waste
Improve energy efficiency
Reduce packaging materials
- Per unit of production
† Estimated annual savings and cost avoidance in 2005 were the goal to be achieved (in $ millions)
a What are the total estimated annual savings and cost avoidance for Baxter International from environmental improvements in 2005?
b Are these savings driven by commercial or environmental management considerations? Discuss.